With the british government's 1833 cancellation of the trade monopoly enjoyed by the east india company, cheap opium flooded the market, and china's net outflow of silver amounted to some 34 million mexican silver dollars over the course of the 1830s. • china monopoly of tea made it extremely expensive • exchange tea for opium • millions of pounds of tea arrived in britain and china was flooded with opium • ~90% of all men under 40 were addicted to opium • in 1839, the chinese emperor raided several british traders seizing their opium and cut off its tea supply to britain • in. Opium was selling so much that the qing government, like any government today, became concerned about the well being of its people and confiscated about 20,000 crates of opium from british ships, which sparked the opium wars and led to hong kong being ceded to the british for a 150 year (see source. The first opium war took place from 1839 to 1942 and was followed by a shorter one starting in 1856 and ending in 1858 the conflicts followed after the trade balance was lost among the european power and the asian force over the 17-th and the 18-th century when chinese goods were on the demand. Foreigners — even on trade ships — were prohibited entry into chinese territory which adjoins hong kong and macao the british gave the east india company a monopoly on trade with.
Britain won hong kong by launching the opium wars to give the sassoon's exclusive rights to drug an entire nation david sassoon was born in baghdad, iran in 1792 his father, saleh sassoon, was a wealthy banker and the treasurer to ahmet pasha, the governor of baghdad. The opium monopoly opium in siam vii hong kong turkey and persia xii mauretius xiii british north borneo xiv british guiana xv history of the opium. Christopher munn focuses on hong kong, where british colo- nial ofﬁcials turned over control of the opium monopoly to local chinese merchants because they were able to make it proﬁtable. 4 hong kong, with a small population of 500,000 has secured, year by year, enough opium to satisfy the medical needs of 150,-000,000 people.
Trade with china, especially in illegal opium, grew, and so did the firm of jardine, matheson and co, by that time already known as the princely hong for its status as the largest british trading firm in east asia. The opium war (or how hong kong began) the outcome was that china soon turned itself into the biggest producer of opium in order to satisfy the rapidly growing demand from its addicted people. In 1761 the eic obtained a monopoly over the opium production of british india, and soon afterwards the drug began to be shipped to china as part of the company's triangular trade between india, guangzhou and britain. Fearful of losing their opium monopoly, the french encourage hmong farmers to expand their opium production 1945-1947 burma gains its independence from britain at the end of world war ii.
Negotiations for the return of hong kong to chinese rule may have begun in 1982, but britain's real chance of hanging on to its last remaining major colonial possession came many years earlier. Opium wars, two armed conflicts in china in the mid-19th century between the forces of western countries and of the qing dynasty, which ruled china from 1644 to 1911/12 the first opium war (1839-42) was fought between china and britain, and the second opium war (1856-60), also known as the. His business, which included a monopoly of the opium trade in china, (even though opium was banned in china) extended as far as yokohama, nagasaki, and other cities in japan in 1836, the opium trade reached over 30,000 chests per annum and drug addiction in coastal cities became endemic.
The opium wars are rightly named: it was not trade per se but rather unrestricted drug trade by the western powers, particularly britain, that precipitated them as the wars unfolded, however, it became clear that far more than opium was ultimately involved. Hong kong shanghaied human rights considered in the context of the opium wars, by gwydion m williams hong kong began life as a british base to bust open china. Hong, who might pass outstanding queries on to the local official in charge of trade2 furthermore, the qing government expected the hong merchants to act as a barrier, controlling the western traders and keeping them at arm's length from mainstream. The truth lies buried in the family line of david sassoon, the rothschilds of the far east, and their monopoly over the opium trade britain won hong kong by launching the opium wars to give the sassoons exclusive rights to drug an entire nation.
That was why the british sold opium to the chinese in exchange for the chinese silk when the chinese government forbid opium smoking, the british declared war as shown by the picture below china lost the war and that was how hong kong and part of kowloon were ceded to britain. Trade war: britain acquires 'a barren rock' at the start of the 19th century, hong kong was little more than a backwater in southern china, with no indication it would one day be a world trade. As a result of the war, britain won trade rights, access to five treaty ports, and hong kong the second opium war was fought from october 23, 1856 to october 18, 1860 and was also known as the arrow war or the second anglo-chinese war, (although france joined in. As the opium and other trade with china expanded, britain's new territory of hong kong became a major imperial commercial center the opium dealers gathered together to form a bank, the hongkong and shanghai bank, as the financial flagship of the british opium trade.
The opium wars in the mid-19th century were a critical juncture in modern chinese history the first opium war was fought between china and great britain from 1839 to 1942 in the second opium war, from 1856 to 1860, a weakened china fought both great britain and france. Britain tried to secretly control the opium trade in the far east after its decision to ban it strengthened criminal gangs one of the unusual tactics employed by the empire was the flooding of. Hong kong — in 1840, britain went to war with china over questions of trade, diplomacy, national dignity and, most importantly, drug trafficking while british officials tried to play down the. The first opium war, fought over opium trade, financial reparations, and diplomatic status, began in 1839 and was concluded by the treaty of nanking (nanjing) in 1842 the treaty ceded the hong kong island to the united kingdom in perpetuity, and it established five treaty ports at shanghai, canton, ningpo (ningbo), foochow (fuzhou), and amoy.